Lima is a city that has been destroyed several time by earthquakes and re-built once and again. Nowadays, however, its Plaza Mayor (or Plaza de Armas) houses the oldest and the most authentic monument in the city: its fountain, placed there in 1651, that has survived through earthquakes, social revolts and urban development.
This fountain is a very good example of the typical intrincate Colonial Baroque style.
The side facing the Municipality displays the city’s coat of arms, with the two-headed eagle, the initials of the Spanish queen Joana I of Castile (“Joana the Mad”) and King Charles V: the side facing the Government’s Palace shows the Royal House of Spain’s coat of arms. The side facing the Cathedral is dedicated to the Count Salvatierra and his wife, while the external side presents mestizo-style decorative elements, like hummingbirds and creole flowers.
At the top of the monument you will see “Angel de la Fama” (The Angel of Fame), statue, a replica of the original one, that was accidentally destroyed in 1900.