- The smallest of Cologne's twelve Romanesque churches is St Maria Lyskirchen, built from 1210 to 1220. According to experts, it is also the least significant. The church was preserved largely intact during the Second World War: only the roof-truss was badly damaged. Nevertheless, St Maria Lyskirchen, which was first recorded as a small chapel in the year 948, does possess a rare treasure: the paintings on the ceiling, which have no equal in the Cologne area. The 13th-century artists portrayed themes from the Old and New Testaments with masterly skill.
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