- When the Rotunda Hospital opened in 1748, it was the first maternity hospital in Europe. Founded by surgeon, Bartholomew Mosse, the hospital takes its name from the great rotunda at its east end. Built by John Ensor as a venue for fund-raising occasions and concerts, Franz Liszt graced its stage in 1843. 62 years later, Sinn Fein was founded here by Arthur Griffiths. The latter's property is now home to the Gate Theatre. Visit the baroque chapel on the first floor. Stuccodore Cramillion, also responsible for the rococo plasterwork, created the wonderful ceiling in 1755. Stop in Conway's pub for a drink after your visit. The same age as the hospital, it has been the firm friend of many anxious fathers-to-be for centuries.
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