The Old Town: This is the largely medieval heart of Edinburgh in which most of its important historical monuments can be found, including Edinburgh Castle, Holyroodhouse Palace (the Royal Scottish residence) and St Giles' Cathedral.
The Royal Mile is the historical artery of the Old Town, linking together Edinburgh's two royal strongholds: Edinburgh Castle and the Holyroodhouse Palace. Running the length of four streets - Castlehill, Lawnmarket, High Street and Canongate - it's a vibrant, buzzing location....
Interesting Facts About Edinburgh:
2. Geological Fact: The rock on which Edinburgh Castle is built is the plug of an extinct volcano. Following glacial erosion it formed a crag and tail formation: The Castle Rock and the Royal Mile respectively.
3. Interesting Fact: The Royal Mile is called this because it's a mile long street with two royal buildings on each end - Edinburgh Castle and Holyroodhouse Palace.
4. Paranormal Fact: Edinburgh is said to be one of the most haunted places in Europe because it is home to the Mackenzie Poltergeist, the violent spirit of a 17th century murderer and torturer who haunts Greyfriars Kirkyard.
5. Creepy Fact: The 19th century body snatchers Burke and Hare murdered some 15 people in the city to sell their cadavers to the medical college. Burke's death mask and a wallet made from his skin are on display in the Surgeons' Hall Museums.
6. Heartwarming Fact: One of the most photographed monuments in Edinburgh is Greyfriars Bobby, the statue of a 19th century Skye terrier who spent 14 years guarding his master's grave. Is sits at the corner of Candlemaker Row and the George IV Bridge.
7. Embarrassing Fact: Modeled on the Parthenon in Athens, the National Monument on Calton Hill is referred to as Edinburgh's Folly or Edinburgh's Shame because it was never completed due to a lack of funds.
8. Royal Fact: Tourists can view the mythical Stone of Destiny in Edinburgh Castle's Crown Room. It is still used for the crowning of English monarchs.
9. Mysterious Fact: In Edinburgh's Old Town lies the Real Mary King's Close, a long-forgotten underground series of streets that was built over as the city's population grew. It is now a commercial attraction.
10. Weird Fact: From 1477-1911, the Grassmarket was the site of one of Edinburgh's main horse and cattle markets. It was also the location of public executions.
11. Celebrity Fact: J.K. Rowling penned the first novel in her Harry Potter series at the Elephant House cafe on George IV Bridge.
12. Festive Fact: Every August thousands of tourists swarm the city for the Edinburgh Festival, which is composed of several different arts and cultural festivals.
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There aren't many cities that can boast a volcano: the dormant Arthur's Seat in Holyrood Park rises above the city and offers views of the Firth of Forth waters. The New Town is dominated by sweeping Georgian terraces, next to contemporary architectural masterpiece the Scottish Parliament...