History Attractions in Mexico City

Mexico City's fascinating history - ancient to contemporary - comes to life at dozens of sites across the capital city. To visit them all would take a year, and few of us have the luxury of a visit that long. But a traveler to D.F. can see the highlights in one week: just follow this list of the Top 10 Historical Things to Do in Mexico City.

#1 on any historian's list is El Zocalo, Mexico City's main square. The wide plaza dates back to the days of the Aztecs when it would the center of their empire's capital, Tenochtitlan. Spanish conquistadors destroyed the palaces and temples that once stood here in the battles to conquer Montezuma and built their own monuments, including #4, the Metropolitan Cathedral.

The Teotihuacan pyramids come in at #2, if only because they require a day trip from Mexico City. The culture that built the massive temples of the Sun and the Moon were were one of Mesoamerica's ur-cultures. Despite leaving these impressive structures archeologists still don't fully understand the culture or why it collapsed.

#5 on this list is Chapultepec Castle, formerly the home of the ill-fated duo, Emperor Maximiliano and Empress Carlota. Convinced to take the throne of a new empire in the 1860s, the Hapsburg Maximiliano lasted only three years before being executed by a firing squad. The castle displays their living quarters, still lavishly appointed with European furniture.

The Plaza de las Tres Culturas, #10, brings together three key periods in Mexican history: Aztec, Spanish colonial, and the turbulent 1960s.

Zócalo / Plaza de la Constitución

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16 de Septiembre y 5 de Mayo
Centro Histórico

The Main Square... read more

Teotihuacan Pyramids (Pirámides de Teotihuacan)

Carretera México Teotihuacan Km. 46
Zona Arqueológica de Teotihuacan

The most visited pyramids in Mexico... read more

Museo del Templo Mayor

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Seminario 8
Centro Histórico

Archaeological Artifacts and more... read more

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Catedral Metropolitana

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Donceles 95
The zócalo, on Cinco de Mayo, Centro Histórico

Three centuries in the making... read more

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Castillo de Chapultepec

Bosque de Chapultepec 1a Sección
Colonia Chapultepec

The gardens of Empress Carlota... read more

Anthropology Museum (Museo de Antropologia)

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Paseo de la Reforma y Calzada Ghandi
Colonia Polanco Chapultepec

All of the pre-hispanic cultures under one roof...
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Basilica de Guadalupe

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Calzada de los Misterios y Paseo Zumárraga
Gustavo A. Madero

Shroud of Miracles... read more

Monumento a la Revolución

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Avenida Juárez y la Fragua
Plaza de la República

Long Live the Revolution!... read more

Mausoleo del Angel de la Independencia

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Paseo de la Reforma y Florencia
Colonia Juárez

Cura Hidalgo's Skull & The Remains of Heroes...
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Plaza de las Tres Culturas

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Eje Central esquina Eje Uno Norte
Tlatelolco

Pre-Hispanic, Colonial & Present Day... read more
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