- This is the main public plaza of Mexico Distrito Federal and the epicenter for events, festivals and protests. The plaza is equally recognized as the Zócalo, which means pedestal. At one time destined as a monument to Independence—planned but never built—the name remained and has become synonymous with the word plaza throughout Mexico. The Spaniards erected their main institutions, between the 16th and 18th centuries, around the plaza, built on the former ceremonial site of Tenochtitlán. Daily flag ceremonies take place at 6 am and 6 pm.
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