Prague 1 – Hradcany
Just above Lesser Town looms Hradčany, a hilltop locality dominated by the Prague Castle complex, which includes a lot more than just a castle.
In front of the castle lies Hradčany Square (Hradčanské námestí), a square lined with special architecture. The Schwarzenberg Palace, for instance, was built by an Italian architect for a Czech nobleman, making it a perfect example of the "Czech Renaissance." Another example, The Sternberg Palace (Šternberský Palác), is not only a perfect example of the High Baroque Style, but it houses a permanent art exhibition that focuses on European art from the Classical era to the close of the Baroque era. Here, you can view works by the likes of Rembrandt, Rubens, and El Greco, to name a few.
In another of the Castle's squares lie some other important sites, including the behemoth of the Prague skyline, Saint Vitus Cathedral (Katedrála Svatého Víta). In addition to this, you can visit the home of Czech Crown Jewels, the Old Royal Palace (Starý Královský palác), and the sometimes-concert hall, Basilica of St. George (Bazilika Svatého Jiří), which maintains features from its 10th century Romanesque beginnings and from its 17th century Baroque reconstruction.
Near the castle complex is the 12th century Strahov Monastery, a serene place comprised of illustrious libraries, a valuable gallery, and a small monastic brewery. Just past the Monastery is the picturesque Pohořelec, which means "The Scene of Fire." As the name suggests, this pretty little areas has burned down a few times in its history. In the square, Tycho Brahe and Johannes Kepler stand side-by-side while the tranquil Maly Buddha is just up the hill.