241km (150 miles) S of San Pedro Sula; 86km (53 miles) S of Comayagua
Many travelers would rather not try to pronounce the name of the capital of Honduras, let alone visit it. (By the way, it's pronounced "Te-goo-si-gal-pa"). Whatever horror stories you have heard about Central American capitals, don't take them too seriously, though. While it isn't a favorite tourist destination like Copán, La Ceiba, or the Bay Islands, Tegus, as Hondurans call it, is actually a fairly pleasant place if you can get past the smog. True to its name, which means "silver mountain" in the indigenous language of Nahuatl, the city sits snugly in a valley at about 1,000m (3,000 ft.), sheltering it from the sweltering heat that plagues San Pedro Sula and La Ceiba. There are several great museums and churches within the colonial center, a great clump of cloud forest nearby, and the largest cathedral in the country, along with a revered pilgrimage site, is only minutes from the center.
The city was founded on September 29, 1578, but it wasn't until 1880 that the capital was moved here from Comayagua by President Marco Aurelio Soto. In 1938 the city of Comayagüela was incorporated into Tegucigalpa and nearly doubled the size, which today stands at over one million inhabitants. The city is no longer the economic center of the country (that honor now belongs to San Pedro) but, as the capital and largest city in Honduras, it's still an important area for commerce and politics.