The Yucatan is the home of the Mayan people, whose culture is still alive and thriving today. Maya is still frequently spoken (as well as Spanish), and there are some delicious specialties particular to Mayan cuisine to try. Some of the world’s most famous archaeological sites are on the peninsula as well. The most famous spot here is probably Chichen Itza, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the seven New Wonders of the World. A center of Mayan civilization for over 1000 years, this sprawling site consists of dozens of structures, the most famous of which is the Pyramid of Kukulcan. Another lesser-known but also important site is La Ruta Puuc, which is actually a series of roads lined with notable Puuc heritage sites. The Yucatan is also famous for its cenotes, or underground river and lake systems. One of the principle sources of fresh water in the area, many cenotes can be explored by inner tube or by diving – even experienced divers should go with a guide, though, since the underground networks can be quite extensive and hard to navigate. There are also many Mayan arts and crafts for sale around the Yucatan, and many traditional holidays and ceremonies are still observed. And don’t miss trying some Mayan cuisine. The pollo pibil, achiote-spiced chicken wrapped in banana leaves and pit-grilled, is a particularly tasty dish. There are even spas that offer traditional Mayan treatments, most often found around more touristy spots like Chichen Itza.