Bangladesh is in South Asia sometimes converging with Southeast Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal to the south, mostly surrounded by India and bordering Myanmar in the southeast.
British India was partitioned by joint leaders of the Congress, the All India-Muslim League and Britain in the summer of 1947, creating the commonwealth realms of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the Republic of India. Bangladesh came into existence in 1972 when the Bengali-speaking East Pakistan seceded from its union with Punjabi dominated West Pakistan after a nine month bloody war. Although Bangladesh emerged as an independent country in 1972, its history stretches back thousands of years and it has long been known as a crossroads of history and culture. Here you will find the world's longest beach, countless mosques, the largest mangrove forest in the world, interesting tribal villages and a wealth of elusive wildlife. Although relatively impoverished compared to its burgeoning South Asian neighbor India, Bangladeshis are very friendly and hospitable people, putting personal hospitality before personal finances.
Ready-made garments, textiles, pharmaceuticals, agricultural goods, ship building and fishing are some of the largest industries. The gap between rich and poor is increasingly obvious and the middle-class is fast-shrinking, as in the rest of Asia (And America!), especially in cities such as Dhaka and Chittagong as you move around between the working class old city and affluent neighborhoods like Gulshan and Baridhara.