Neuenheim is situated just north of Heidelberg's city center. Its origins date back to a Roman Castellum. Neuenheim was first mentioned in 765 CE and developed (like the hamlets around) into a settlement for peasants and fishermen. In the Thirty Years War and again in the French-Palatinate War of Succession, this region was completely destroyed. Later, in the 19th Century it became the favorite residential area of university professors and today one can still admire the beautiful art nouveau villas. With the beginning of the 20th Century, the university institutes for natural sciences were relocated from the town center to the close-by Neuenheimer Feld. Apart from two Max-Planck-Institutes, the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) is also based here. Furthermore, you will find a cluster of sports grounds, an open-air swimming-pool, the Schwimmbad Music Club, the Youth Hostel and last but not least, the Heidelberg Zoo and the Botanical Garden in this district. Heidelberg's northernmost district is Handschuhsheim, first documented in 765 CE. Over many centuries, until 1600, it belonged to the aristocratic dynasty of Handschuhsheim, whose last heir lost his life in a tragic duel. The impressive Tiefburg, surrounded by a deep moat, once belonged to this dynasty. In the St. Vitus Church, the oldest church on Heidelberg grounds, several members of the family line are buried in old and fascinating sepulchers. The Handschuhsheimer Schlößchen, and the many restaurants and pubs (far from the tourist bustle) are definitely worth a visit.