Libya, situated along the Mediterranean in North Africa, is dominated by desert and semi-desert terrain. Like many of its neighboring countries, Libya was subject to the colonization period, or the "Scramble for Africa." In 1947, Italy relinquished control of the country, and since 1969, Libya has been ruled by dictatorship. Passports and visas are required for entry into Libya for all nationalities except nationals of Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Mauritania, Morocco, Syria, Tunisia and Turkey. Libyan immigration requirements frequently change without warning so take heed before leaving.