Rotterdam, the second largest city in the Netherlands is strikingly different from the country's other cities. This is because the city was rebuilt and reshaped into a modern entity, after the bombardment during World War II had destroyed it considerably. The word "Rotterdam" stems from a dam built over the river Rotte.
Known as the "City of Architecture", Rotterdam welcomes you to witness the tilted Cube houses as well as the spectacular constructions at the Netherlands Architecture Institute (NAI). With a population of around 600.000, the city has a multi-cultural outlook and a cosmopolitan character.
The city is famous for festivals like the Summer Carnival, International Film Festival and the North Sea Jazz Festival. Music, theater and arts have a unique place in this Dutch city, and the numerous historic museums make sure that entertainment is combined with knowledge.
Rotterdam has the largest port in Europe and forms a hub for shipping goods from Europe to the rest of the world. The main industries include shipping and petrochemicals. One of the best ways to experience the 40 km long harbour line is through a Spido Boat Tour.
The city has a well developed public transport system complete with trams, buses and underground metro line. Tourist cards like the Holland Pass and the Rotterdam Welcome Card help in exploring the city in a budget friendly way.